City of Toronto
This city is the most populous metropolis in Canada, being the capital of Ontario Province. Toronto had a population of 2,615,060 by the year 2011. This city has become the fourth most populous city in North America, consecutively following Mexico City, New York City, and Los Angeles. Globalization and World Cities Research Network (GaWC) classified Toronto as an alpha global city, being an international center of business, finance, arts and culture. This city covers an area of 630 square kilometers.
The local government is currently headed by Mayor John Tory following his election in office on October 27, 2014. However, he was already notable for his many projects and fundraising campaigns, particularly the Yonge Street Relief plan. Serving under him is Deputy Mayor Denzil Minnan-Wong.
Assisting the mayor and deputy mayor are other members of Toronto City Council. The leadership also includes Frances Nunziata, the Speaker of Toronto City Council; and Shelley Caroll, Deputy Speaker of the Toronto City Council.
The Toronto City Council is comprised of three committees, namely the Executive Committee, Standing Committees and Other Committee of Council.
The Executive Committee includes 3 sub-committees: The Budget, Affordable Housing and, Employee and Labor Relations.
The Standing Committees comprises 7 commissions: Economic Development and Culture Division, Economic Development Committee, Government Management Committee, Licensing and Standards Committee, Parks and Forestry and Recreation Division, Planning and Growth Management Committee, Public Works and Infrastructure Committee.
The Other Committees of the Council are the Audit Committee, Board of Health, Civic Appointments Committee, and Striking Committee.
Being one of the biggest multi-cultural cities in the world, Toronto City has a ratio of 49.9% citizens with foreign heritages. In 2011 the National Household Survey indicates that 49.1% of the population are comprised of “visible minorities” – immigrants who are not of Caucasian ethnicity. The top 5 among these ethnicities include consecutively: South Asian (317,100), Chinese (278,390), African (218,160), Filipino (132,445) and Middle Eastern (28,920). About 52.5% of the population are made up of 1,292,365 white people as of 2011. The latest classification of foreign origins among the white population includes the British (777,110), Scottish (545, 365), Irish (543,600), Italian, (475, 090) German (262,830) and French (249,375). As of 2011, there are approximately 728,745 local white Canadians in Toronto City.
Reigning in Toronto’s religious demographics are Roman Catholics, accounting 33.4% of the population. Ironically, about 26.2% of the population are not affiliated with any organized religion. About 20.8% of Toronto citizens are Protestants. Other minor belief systems include Judaism (5.0%), Islam (4.0%), Orthodox Christianity (3.7%) and Buddhism (3.4%).
Geography and Landmarks
Toronto covers an area of 630 square kilometers, with a vertical range (North-South) of 21 kilometers and a horizontal distance (East-West) of 43 kilometers. This city lies at the edge of Lake Ontario, one of the Great Lakes of North America, with over 46 kilometer-long waterfront skirting at its southeastern shores.
Due to its location along Lake Ontario, Toronto regularly experiences a mild or moderate climate. Summer and winter seasons are relatively longer than spring and autumn. Spring and autumn weather varies greatly, alternating from sunny to rainy. The average precipitation that occurs yearly is 831 mm.
Toronto boasts itself as the financial capital of Canada. Its Financial District lies at the Bay Street, a territory known for its high concentration of banks and brokerage firms. Toronto is known for the five largest banks that dominate Canada’s banking industry, namely: The Royal Bank of Canada, Toronto-Dominion Bank, Bank of Nova Scotia, Bank of Montreal, and Canadian Bank of Imperial Commerce.
The city’s location alongside the Quebec-Windsor Corridor helps reinforce the nearby mass-production of automobiles, chemical, steel, machinery, food and paper industries via its extensive infrastructure.
Toronto is also a major hub for the information technology, telecommunications, film production, local publications and mass media. This city is also the seat of prominent hotel companies such as Four Seasons Hotels and Fairmont Hotels and Resorts.
Toronto has four publicly funded K12 school boards. Although there is only one non-publicly funded religious K12 school board, this city has a diverse religious, cultural, career, vocational, and specialty institutions. Suffice to say, education in Toronto is renowned for the city’s relative cultural diversity and the wider variety of education options available. The University of Toronto is one of the oldest universities in Canada, built around year 1827 and formerly known as the King’s College. Other prominent higher institutions include York University, the third largest university in Canada, and Ontario Collage of Art and Design, the fourth largest art academy in North America.
Toronto got its name from an Iroquois word tkaronto, which means “place where trees stand in the water”. This city was once inhabited by the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) Confederacy prior to the arrival of the French traders who founded Fort Rouille in 1750.
During the French and Indian War that swept throughout North America, Fort Rouille was abandoned as the French army regrouped in Quebec. Toronto became a refuge for British loyalist during the height of the American Revolution. In 1793, Governor John James Simcoe established the town of York over the existing colony, deriving its namesake from Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany.
The 19th Century brought tremendous change to the city. Urbanization came about with the building of extensive sewage system along with every street light illuminated by gas reminiscent of sleepless modern cities such as London, New York and Paris.
Around World War II period, Toronto became a refuge for disenfranchised people from war-torn Europe and China. But it was only until 1960’s where racially biased immigration policies, paving the way for its renowned multi-cultural society as we know of today. Around those times, urbanization and suburbanization doubled, ushering the golden age of immigration at the heart of the Ontario Province.
On March 6, 2009 this proud city has celebrated the 175th anniversary of Toronto’s metropolitan foundation in year 1834. The following year of June 26 and 27, this city also hosted the prestigious 4th G-20 Summit.
Some local businesses with “Toronto” in their name or servicing the Greater Toronto Area
Toronto Home Theater offers SONOS HOME AUDIO and Wireless Home Theater solutions
Toronto Dermatology Centre offers professional Skin Care from Laser Hair Removal to Clinical Trials